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There are various goats breeds such as; pygmy goats, Nigerian dwarf goats, Lamancha goats, Alpine goats, Nubian goats, Boer goats, and many others. Goat products, with certain preconditions created, such as standardized quality, guaranteed food safety, continuity in delivery, branding, attractive packaging, etc., have export potential. Roundworm Symptoms: This parasitic disease can cause fever, slow rate of animal growth, anemia, and edema in the lower jaws of goats. Some directly involved in raring of catle, cow, goats, sheeps. goat milk: production, acceptability and consumption in the semi-arid zone of nigeria. That’s a major requirement you must fulfill to become a successful commercial farmer. 1996 Production Yearbook. Silage production involves the process of putting green fodder crops in container or environment that contains no air. 200 Easy Homemade Cheese Recipes. As of 2010 goat was the most widely consumed red meat, eaten by more than 70% of the world’s population. Not leaving out the supply of fresh and clean water (automatically or manually) as is an essential element to their health, Goat feeding is not just limited to grasses as they can also eat kitchen waste, stalk from beverage companies, roughage, agricultural waste, etc. We sell at 1,500 per litre. Breeds of Goat in Nigeria & Their Characteristics. The importance of small ruminants in the life of the people cannot be overemphasized. With N20,000, you can get two female goats and a male goat to start with. While goats will not actually eat inedible material, they are browsing animals, not grazers like cattle and sheep, and (coupled with their natural curiosity and intelligence) will chew on and taste just about anything resembling plant matter to decide whether it is good to eat, including cardboard and paper labels from cans. ORF/Nature. Goat farming is a great source of self employment for the unemployed educated people and housewives of Nigeria. Onlike other breed of goat that is reared for either meat, milk or skin production, pygmy goats are reared as pet. The mother often eats the placenta, which gives her much-needed nutrients, helps stanch her bleeding, and parallels the behavior of wild herbivores, such as deer, to reduce the lure of the birth scent for predators. Remember to drop your questions or contributions in the comment section below. Multiple types of goat-raising are found in Ethiopia, where four main types have been identified: pastured in annual crop systems, in perennial crop systems, with cattle, and in arid areas, under pastoral (nomadic) herding systems. The best ones can produce up to 4 liters of milk per day. [i] Culled from authors; a b Hirst, K. Kris’s book on “The History of the Domestication of Goats”. This breed of goat has a high resistibility to trypanosome, a common disease of goats. [ii]  Culled from; Coffey, Linda, Margo Hale, and Ann Wells; “Goats: Sustainable Production Overview. The New York Times. The particular housing used for goats depends not only on the intended use of the goat, but also on the region of the world where they are raised. Source: goatsfarming.com. in situation where the need may arise to slaughter the animal around the farm. This type of production system may sound ideal to some but is actually characterised by a low level of livestock productivity. [xix]  Culled from; FAO. However, abortions in pregnant goats are caused by nutritional problems and infectious problems. “How I Learned to Love Goat Meat”. In other parts of … 2010. Husbandry, or animal care and use, varies by region and culture. Pregnancy Problems: Pregnancy Toxemia and abortions are common problems found in the pregnancy period. Others too majored in manure production from animal faeces for crop production. Never the less, due to small fat globules and homogenization found in goat milk, it is easy to digest than cow milk. Goats produce about 2% of the world’s total annual milk supply. But in Nigeria, hardly would you see any home consume goat milk, that is why the goat milk market value is very low. This exotic breed is an England domestic goat that’s gotten as a result of cross-breeding between the native British goats with large lop-eared goats from India, North Africa and the middle east. The only problem why people look down on the goat farming business and agricultural business as a whole in Nigeria is due to lack of knowledge. Remember for more safety of your goats, put a guard dog or dogs to live with them in the pen. Saunders. Goats also provide skins of commercial importance and manure for gardens (and crop fields). Some types of goats give the valuable kind of wool called; “cashmere.”, When comparing with sheep wool, goat fly-wool products are lightweight, soft and very demanding (which makes it expensive). Early treatment helps to prevent the spread of ailment from one goat to the other. The milk are used in milk production, it’s hairs can be used for fibre, while the skin can be used in production of wool, knitwear, carpets etc. This breed is found in a variety of colours and is usually bearded. Others are in piggery, poultry etc. Goat Pen (house) is a very important aspect of commercial goat rearing business, except your plan for your goats is to live with you in your apartment. June 2016 Project: goat milk production and utilization in the semi arid zone of nigera So I believe you reading this article, has made up your mind about becoming your own boss and has an interest in the commercial Goat farming business in Nigeria. Bacteria: blackleg, foot rot, caprine pleuropneumonia and chlamydiosis.[x]. Birthing, known as kidding, generally occurs uneventfully. Goat production in the humid tropics Proceedings of a workshop at the University of Ife, lle-lfe, Nigeria, 20-24 July 1987 O.B. [xx]  Goat milk can also be commonly processed into cheese, butter, ice cream, yogurt, and other products. We are located in Shagamu, Ogun State. In this article, I will touch on all essential aspects that will make you start a profitable goat husbandry business. [iii] Culled from;  Taylor, R.E., Scientific Farm Animal Production: An Introduction to Animal Science, 6th ed, Upper Saddle River (Prentice Hall) 1998. The following types of worms that are common in goats are: Tape Worm Symptoms: The symptoms of this disease include fever, slow growth of animals, and goat kid mortality. One other amazing thing about goat farming is, it has several ways you can make money from it such as: This is the obvious source of income that most people know about, particularly in this husbandry business. Goat Milk; though it may not be that popular or widely consumed in Nigeria, goat milk can be produced from goat. Gestation length is approximately 150 days. They are raised in a wide range of production systems around the world. If you intend to deal in goat hides and skin, you can also start the business. Successful breeding in these regions depends more on available forage. The Government is quite aware of this development, and as a result, priority is being accorded to sheep and goat production development in the Fifth National Development Plan. Small Land holder Information Service, Department of Agriculture and Food, Government of Western Australia. The average weight of an adult male Alpine is 77kg while that of a female is 61kg. Goat milk is a highly nutritious product that is useful to both adults and children. Read on to see more. Texas Department of Agriculture. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. We all know how the meat is being consumed; soup, stew, dried, etc. The gestation period for goat is between 145-150 days. Retrieved 2009-05-05. 2) Sokoto Maradi Red. You can get a mature goat between N5,000 to N7,000 in rural areas in Nigeria. This type of goat is commonly found in the Southwestern part of Nigeria, their meat has a special taste and they are commonly reared for beef. Now that we have known all this, it is important to now know the essential knowledge before starting a profitable Goat farming Business in Nigeria. fiascofarm.com. If you go to hotels, bars, restaurants, fast-food, you will notice that goat meat is dominating, the “goat head” is a popular meat in those areas. A good number of them majored in meat and animal skin production, milk production, those in poultry farming produced both meat and eggs. Goat milk naturally has small, well-emulsified fat globules, which means the cream will stay in suspension for a longer period of time than cows milk; therefore, it does not need to be homogenized. Your email address will not be published. 9%. To some extent productivity of these goats is low due various factors such as high kid mortality and lack of good animal husbandry practices. Likewise, if you intend to go into the dairy (milk) production. 1997. Remember to subscribe (email or bell-shaped) as more articles on businesses drop. And most farmers rear goats just for meats. A doe in heat typically flags (vigorously wags) her tail often, stays near the buck if one is present, becomes more vocal, and may also show a decrease in appetite and milk production for the duration of the heat. Goats are reputed to be willing to eat almost anything, including cans and cardboard boxes. Before starting a goat farming business, you must have analyzed your local market so your products meet with the exact demand of your Country’s market. And also a stock-up of some necessary medicines and vaccines will help remedy any symptoms or sickness before the veterinary doctor shows up with the final solution. Nigeria, with an estimated total livestock production of 52.4 × 10 6, of which goats constitute about 26.5 × 10 6, still has inadequate meat and milk production. The use of alternative high energy feeds for goats in Nigeria is described. The ability to put everything that I have said so far to good use is what management is all about. In the interim, improvement of the existing systems should be the main focus, until technology is ready for intensive production systems. To use goat milk as an alternative feed source requires that th… In many countries all over the world, goat milk is wildly produced for household and commercial consumption. [xii] Courtesy of;  Payne, William J.A., An Introduction to Animal Husbandry in the Tropics, 5th ed, Oxford (Blackwell Science) 1999. Prevention Measure: Make sure to maintain the dry conditions in the goat shed. Sheep and Goat Medicine. “That’s probably the best thing I love about Agricultural business.”. With this comprehensive knowledge so far, you can start a profitable goat rearing business in Nigeria. Presently, the local production of milk is less than 1% of the total annual demand that has been estimated at 1.45 billion litres, making the total milk consumption in Nigeria less than 10 litres per head whereas the global average is about 40 litres per head. In all four systems, however, goats were typically kept in extensive systems, with few purchased inputs. Also, It is important that the pen is built into various segments because of the difference in breeds, and sex of goats. I might be referring more about the goat rearing business in Nigeria, but everything I share here is universally applicable. The amount of milk depends on types of goats. Milk production as it has been observed that a good milker produces 1-1.5L of milk per day and a litre is sold at about N60, Sales of animals to the butchers for slaughter in the abattoir, or sales of meat in the farm i.e. This means that there are different streams of income involve in goat farming. Your email address will not be published. Apart from the grazing feed, try and feed them some high proteinous food and vitamins to keep them healthy always. 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Nigeria, with an estimated total livestock production of 52.4 × 106 , of which goats constitute about 26.5 × 106, still has inadequate meat and milk production. Just before kidding, the doe will have a sunken area around the tail and hip, as well as heavy breathing. But if it’s goat meat that has high demands like in Nigeria, you must focus on rearing goats that produce more meat. Prevention Measure: Make sure all animals are dewormed periodically. The expansion comprises both in lands and more employees. The domestic goat (Capra aegagrus hircus) is a widely distributed small ruminant species that is kept mainly for meat, milk, hides and hair. Philadelphia: Saunders. Stop admiring other people’s skin,let them admire yours Gender: Unisex Lagos State, Lekki, DEC 10 – Skin Care 2. The services of a good veterinarian are employed in treating these diseases. It can be prepared in a variety of ways, including stewing, baking, grilling, barbecuing, canning, and frying; it can be minced, curried, or made into sausage. pygmy goats, Nigerian dwarf goats, Lamancha goats, Alpine goats, Nubian goats, Boer goats, and many others. I know of people who have no business eating other kinds of meats (including cow meats (beef)) except goat meat in Nigeria. In all these different types of goat breeds, what matters most to succeed in this goat farming business is to pick the proper goat breed or breeds that fit your market needs. Goat milk is the milk of domestic goats.. Goats produce about 2% of the world's total annual milk supply. [xi], Goats reach puberty between 3 and 15 months of age, depending on breed and nutritional status. One way to keep the goats away from the fence is to create a play zone for them because they love climbing a lot. With the guard dog presence, the goat will be safe from predators. Bosman (Eds) Pudoc Wageningen 1988 . [vii] https://www.fao.org/ag/AGA/agap/frg/feedback/war/t1300b/t1300b0g.htm, [viii] https://www.cassavabiz.org/agroenterprise/ent%20images/goat_01.pdf, [ix] FAOSTAT 2008 https://faostat.fao.org/default.aspx. Be a Lifter via the share buttons to those out there that could be in need of such business knowledge. [xvi] Culled from; Sumberg, J.E., “Small ruminant feed production in a farming systems context” Proceedings of the Workshop on Small Ruminant Production Systems in the Humid Zone of West Africa, 1984; Sumber, J. E., ed, 1984. It also helps in improving an individual’s appetite and digestive efficiency. “The mother eats the placenta to prevent predators from getting the scent.’’. So you can always apply the feces to your farmland if you decide to also go into crop farming. Goat’s feces are highly organic manure (fertilizers) that can be used for farm crops. [xi] Source from; https://www.fao.org/docrep/004/s8374b/S8374b20.htm. Goat milk can be taken as a basis for making dairy products, in particular, goat cheese. This maximizes the production per acre, as goats and sheep prefer different food plants. extent for milk. Exotic types of goats in Nigeria Anglo-Nubian . I would have loved to say; “that is all there is in starting a profitable goat farming business, but it isn’t.” So please do yourself a favor by having a practical training. In most regions, goats are able to breed at any time of the year. and none of those is a waste. [xiii] Culled from ‘’Feichtenberger, Klaus, Jill Clarke, Elyse Eisenberg, and Otmar Penker (Writers and Directors) (2008). agriculturenigeria.com makes no representations as to accuracy, completeness, correctness, suitability, or validity of any information on this site and will not be liable for any errors, omissions, or delays in this information or any losses, injuries, or damages arising from its display or use. Goat milk is a highly nutritious product that is used for by-products like yogurt, milk, cheese, butter, soap, etc,. Three main breeds of goat in Nigeria are as follows: West African Dwarf, Sokoto Maradi Red and Borno Sahel White. Goat butter is white because goats produce milk with the yellow beta-carotene converted to a colorless form of vitamin A. Prince of the Alps (Television Production). PEST AND DISEASES OF YAM (Dioscorea spp. Unlike cattle and sheep goats are primarily browsing animals and have an extremely varied plant diet that has allowed them to adapt to many diverse environments. In Northern Nigeria, goats are predominantly raised under extensive production systems, which means the animals are left to roam freely for part or all of their production life cycle, mostly fending for themselves with little supervision. In addition to natural mating, artificial insemination has gained popularity among goat breeders, as it allows easy access to a wide variety of bloodlines. Goat produce meat, milk, skin, fiber, manure etc. With Nigeria’s population over 150 million, over 1 million people living in Nigeria consume goat meat every day. And also your market knowledge (particularly marketing strategies) can maximize your revenue. Handbook of Biological Data. In conclusion, although a number of people have been suggesting a more intensive production approach to small ruminant development in Nigeria, the initial capital investment and management constraints associated with such a venture may make the programme unattractive. Every breed of goats produces hides and skin, which can serve or use in the production of leather items. ISBN 0-7216-9052-1. Lice and Tick Symptoms: This parasitic infestation can cause skin allergy, slow growth in growing animals. The … It is against the law in most states, including Pennsylvania, to sell raw milk unless it is inspected by state milk inspectors. Goat milk is said to have low cholesterol and it is non-allergic compared to cow milk. The separation within the pen must be spacious enough to contain each number of goats put into it because they like their privacy. These methods of herding are still used today. Pygmy are mostly reared for meat production and can also be used for scientific research and milk production. Best Breed for Goat Farming in Nigeria Popular breeds of goat farmed in Nigeria are Dwarf goat, red Sokoto (Maradi), Pygmy goat. Urea is toxic to goat, so never include it in their food rather give your goats 12%-18% protein feed. And the supply of goat meat in Nigeria can’t meet up with the demand so billions of naira are spent yearly in the importation of goats from Chad, Niger, Cameroon, etc just to meet up to demand. The West African Dwarf goats are also known as Nigerian dwarf goats are breed for meat and milk production purposes. Some goat breeds produce quality skins and fiber. 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Foot rot, caprine pleuropneumonia and chlamydiosis. [ x ] as a basis for making products! Doe has reached 70 % of the country as kidding, generally occurs uneventfully management comprises the ability to everything.

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