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The Council of Ministers is the EU's principal legislative body, with the unique power to make legislation in some areas. Council of Ministers. Ministers are taken from among the members of the Legislature. The main functions of the Council of Ministers are underlined. The Council shall consist of a representative of each Member State at ministerial level, who may commit the government of the Member State in question and cast its vote. In the Parliamentary form of Government, the President is the nominal head of the State and the Council of Ministers (CoM) headed by the Prime Minister is the real executive head of the State. The Governor may also remove a Minister from the council of Ministers on the advice of the Chief Minister. There is no minimum Educational Qualification is prescribe under the Indian Constitution of 1949. It has been held in R.C. The Chief Minister is also responsible for controlling and guiding his/her Council of Ministers. They are in charge of major ministries. Question 1: Mention three important functions of the Prime Minister. There is a lot of work that the executive has to perform. “There shall be a Council of ministers with the Prime Minister at the head to aid and advise the President in the exercise of his functions”. The Chief Minister can ask any minister to resign. The Council of Ministers (through ECOFIN) co-ordinates the domestic economic policies of member states. Prime Minister & Council of Ministers - Power & Function of Prime Minister SHANAKR SIR Article 75 of the Indian Constitution mentions that a Prime Minister is one who is appointed by the President. When the Prime Minister dies, the Council of Ministers will automatically cease to exist. He is responsible for co-ordination among the ministers. He proposes the names of the members of his political party to President for appointment as Ministers. It is mentioned in the Constitution that – the executive powers of the President are to be exercised by the Council of Ministers. But during emergency the Cabinet loses its importance. The Party Room – PMs need to maintain the support of their parliamentary colleagues. Prime Minister’s Powers, Functions and Roles | UPSC – IAS. The Prime Minister The Prime Minister (PM) is appointed by the President, who according to convention, invites the leader of the majority party or group in the Lok Sabha to form the Government. Article 74(i) of our constitution expressly states that the Prime Minister shall be at the head- of the council of ministers. PM allocates and reshuffles various portfolios among the ministers. The Council of Ministers can issue an ordinance through the state Governor. The Legislative Assembly can pass a vote of no-confidence against the ministry and the ministry will vacate office. Below are the powers and functions of the British Prime Minister: He is the Supervisors of the Government and co-ordinates different Departments. The inaugural address of the Governor is also prepared by the Council of Ministers. They introduce Bills, participate in the discussion and cast their vote. Minimum educational qualification for prime minister of india? He can recommend the dissolution of Lok Sabha at any time. Medium. Prime minister is the central figure of the government. He is the chief spokesman of the Union government. Prime Minister India follows a Parliamentary system of Government in which the Prime Minister is the leader of the executive system of Government Of India and also the head of the Council Of Ministers. PM also exercises control over the Indian Administrative Service (IAS)  the country’s premier civil service. 74(1), he is the head of the Council of Ministers. Functions and Powers of the Prime Minister are summarized below:- 1. He should have completed his 30 years if he is a member of the Rajya Sabha or can be 25 years of age if he is a member of the Lok Sabha Right from the days of the first Prime Minister Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, the Prime Minister is treated at a much higher pedestal. Chief Minister plays a pivotal role in the governing of the state and has vast responsibilities. Also decides the posting of Indian Police Service officers – the All India Service for policing. Functions and responsibilities of the Prime Minister The Prime Minister determines the general direction of Government’s activities and ensures coordinated and purposeful work of the Cabinet of Ministers. PM can bring about the collapse of the council of ministers by resigning from office. At present in Orissa it has two ranks of ministers. The Prime Minister is appointed by the President. Chief Minister is the head of the Council of Ministers of his State. 2. government vests in the Council of Ministers in Tamil Nadu. It is written in the constitution that there will be a Council of Minister headed by the Chief Minister to aid and advise the Governor. PublishYourArticles.net - Publish Your Articles Now, Copyright infringement takedown notification template. The President has discretionary powers when no party commands a majority in the lower house or when a Prime minister in office dies suddenly and there is no obvious successor. Prime Minister of India - Know about dynamic PM, Narendra Modi powers, roles and responsibilities, selection process, eligibility and salary. The Chief Minister distributes portfolio among the ministers. Privy Counsellors , Ambassadors and High Commissioners , senior civil servants, senior military officers, members of important committees and commissions, and other officials are selected, and in most cases may be … The Prime Minister recommends the names of members of his team to appoint as a Minister. 2. In case of any disagreement between two or more departments, the decision of the Prime Minister is final. In theory all major executive functions are vested in the hands of the President, but exercises them only with aid and advice of the Council of Ministers headed by the Prime Minister. He appoints the leader of the majority party or the coalition of parties that commands a majority in the Lok Sabha, as Prime Minister. All bills and some decrees must be approved by the Council of Ministers. But the President cannot appoint anyone he likes. Examples are on record when the Governor appointed those as Chief Minister who were not at all the members of the state Legislature. The Council of Ministers is chaired by the President, unlike the government, but is still led by the Prime Minister, who was officially titled as the President of the Council of Ministers (French: Président du Conseil des ministres) during the Third and Fourth Republics. Now also, Article 352 only defines the cabinet saying that it is ‘the council consisting of the prime minister and other ministers of cabinet rank appointed under Article 75’ and does not describe its powers and functions. He can rule the country in a way which he thinks the […] The Prime Minister and the Council of Ministers are directly responsible to the Lok Sabha and can remain in office so long as they enjoy the majority support in the House (Lok Sabha). He can recommend the dissolution of Lok Sabha at any time. Article 74 of the Constitution lays down that there shall be a Council of Ministers with the Prime Minister at the head to advice the President who shall in the exercise of his functions act in accordance with such advice. However in actual practice, in reality all powers of the President are used by the PM and his ministry…. Head of the Government: While the President is head of the state, the Prime Ministers are head of the Government. The prime minister makes all the most senior Crown appointments, and most others are made by ministers over whom the prime minister has the power of appointment and dismissal. It is the cabinet which steers the ship of the state. In others, this is exercised in conjunction with the European parliament. Notify me of follow-up comments by email. They participate in the meeting of the Legislature. Answer: The Prime Minister forms the Council of Ministers according to the capability of the ministers, he assigns duty to them. They maintain order and peace in the state. Answer. The meeting of the Legislature are summoned and adjourned on the advice of the cabinet. He is the real executive authority. There are the ministers who propose imposition of taxes or suggest reduction or abolition of taxes. b) The President often seeks advice from the Prime Minister with respect to the appointment of the Council of ministers. The Prime Minister leads the work of the Cabinet of Ministers and is responsible before the Saeima. Cooper v. Union of India, (1970) 3 … The Council of Ministers has a big role to play in the making of the law of the state. Powers and Functions of British Prime Minister. Lord Morley described him primes interpaves (first among equals) and Sir William Vernon called him inter stellas luna minores (moon among the stars). The council of ministers exercises the executive authority of the Union Government. The Prime Minister may remove the members of Council of Ministers at any time by demanding the Ministers’ resignation or getting them dismissed, by the President. Powers of the Prime Minister The Prime Minister chairs the meetings of the Cabinet. To become an Indian prime minister one has to be 1. Question 2. He proposes the names of the members of his political party to President for appointment as Ministers. He decides the agenda of the meetings. Also know list of prime ministers of India till date. He is primes inter pares (First among Equals') in Council of Ministers. He/she also enjoys enormous power to guarantee the effective working of the state. Chief Minister enjoys the same powers as the Prime minister of the country but those powers are limited to a state only. These functions are all pervading and interdependent. In others, this is exercised in conjunction with the European parliament. The Council of Ministers occupies the same position in the state as the Council of Ministers occupies at the center. The prime minister selects and can dismiss members of the cabinet; allocates posts to members within the government; and is the presiding member and chairperson of the cabinet. Council of Ministers has to resign or if the Prime Minister resigns, the Council of Ministers dissolved. The President appoints the Prime Minister. d) Prime Minister acts as a medium or connecting link between the Council of Ministers and the President as per the duty assigned under Article 78 of the Constitution which includes communication of all decision of the council of ministers to the President. The Governor appoints the leader of the majority party as the Chief Minister and all other minister are appointed by him on the recommendation of the Chief Minister. The Council of Ministers lays down the policy of Government and in the light of that the department work is carried out. If he/she is not pleased with the duties or conduct of any of the minister, he/she has the power to warn or discharge them of their duties. The size of the ministry depends upon the Chief Minister. The members individually as well as collectively and through the Prime Minister perform these functions within the parameters of the Constitution. 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